County of Arad

The county of Arad is 2,994 sq. miles (3.6% of the Romanian territory) and has a population of 430,629. The ethnic composition of the area is 84% Romanian, 9% Hungarian, and 4% Roma. Arad County has 1 municipality, 9 towns and 68 communes with approximately 180 villages. The capital city of the Arad County is the city of Arad, from which the county also derives its name from.

 

Municipalities

Arad

Towns

Chișineu-Criș

Curtici

Ineu

Lipova

Nădlac

Pâncota

Pecica

Sântana

Sebiș

Communes

Almaș

Apateu

Archiș

Bata

Bârsa

Bârzava

Beliu

Birchiș

Bocsig

Brazii

Buteni

Cărand

Cermei

Chisindia

Conop

Covăsânț

Craiva

Dezna

Dieci

Dorobanți

Fântânele

Felnac

Frumușeni

Ghioroc

Grăniceri

Gurahonț

Hălmagiu

Hălmăgel

Hășmaș

Ignești

Iratoșu

Livada

Macea

Mișca

Moneasa

Olari

Păuliș

Peregu Mare

Petriș

Pilu

Pleșcuța

Săvârșin

Secusigiu

Seleuș

Semlac

Sintea Mare

Socodor

Șagu

Șeitin

Șepreuș

Șicula

Șilindia

Șimand

Șiria

Șiștarovăț

Șofronea

Tauț

Târnova

Ususău

Vărădia de Mureș

Vârfurile

Vinga

Vladimirescu

Zăbrani

Zădăreni

Zărand

Zerind

Zimandu Nou

Crișana Region of Romania

Crișana is the xx,xxx sq. mile north western region of Romania. It is the region that encompasses over 95% of the border of Romania and Hungary. The population of the Crișana region is roughly 1 million and 6 thousand*1, with 201,547 of those people living in the region’s capital city of Oradea.

 

The region is named after the Cris River which is a river that is formed of three separate rivers that originate in the Apuseni Mountains of Transylvania and flow west before meeting and merging in Hungary. Crișana is bounded by the Apuseni Mountains to its east, the Someș River to the North, the Mureș River to the south, and the Tisza River to its West. The two predominant counties in this region are the counties of Arad and Bihor.





*1 – I couldn’t find a definitive source for the population of Crișana as a whole, so I added the total population of the 2 main counties (Arad, Bihor) that embody over 95% of the region. The number I got is very close to accurate but not an exact number since a small (relative) part of southern Arad spills into the Banat region, and very small parts of Sălaj, Satu Mare, Maramureș, and Hunedoara counties spill into Crișana.

Romania Regions

When you think of the United States of America you think of a country which is split into 50 separate states. Each state being unique and often times significantly different than other states. People and landscape can very vastly from neighboring states, and have night and day differences from opposite regions. For example in warmer southern states like Alabama, the majority of the people share similar Republican values, while in cooler and rainier northern states like Oregon, Democratic views are more common place.

Romania is roughly the size of the American state of Oregon and has a population of 20 million people. Similar to the USA, Romania is also geographically split. Rather than being split into separate states, Romania is split into different regions, and then further at the county, city/town, municipality (larger more modern towns with populations of 15,000+), and commune (rural subdivisions of the country) level. It has 10 regions, 41 counties, 319 cities, 103 Municipalities and 2,686 Communes.

There are many similarities between the different Romanian regions, but the similarities are far outweighed by the substantial differences. To be able to share with you what those differences are it would make sense for me to first briefly tell you what the regions, and Romania as a whole, have in common.

The predominant religious belief in Romania, held by 90% of the population, is Eastern Orthodox Christianity. The most spoken language is the country’s native Latin based language of Romanian, a romance language. The Romanian people as a whole tend to be pessimistic when it comes to their government and future of their country, while at the same time being proud of their history and having overcame many different struggles. Romanians love to criticize their country and leaders with one another, but when outsiders do it, they passionately stand up for and defend their land and its people.

Romania’s climate is defined as being temperate and continental. The country goes through all 4 seasons yearly. The average annual temperature is 52 °F, summer average of 85 °F, and winter averages of bellow 36°F. Average precipitation is 24 inches. Of course these are only the country averages, temperatures and climate vary slightly from region to region, with the biggest variation being in the mountainous areas.

The 10 regions of Romania are as follows